Is the sky the limit?

We can question the fundamental value of certain goods like copper, the bitcoin or an Empire-era semainier. The problem with these three assets is that they do not detached dividends, so it is difficult to value them from a financial point of view. Their value lies in the utility they provide and their price is therefore a function of preferences.
For financial assets that detach a coupon, valuation is somewhat less subjective. For stocks, there is even the socalled book value that evaluates the net assets of the company. This valuation is generally a liquidation value (difference between the forced sale of assets and the debt). If we compare the market value to the book value, we get the price-to-book. The higher this ratio, the more investors will value the book value of tomorrow; in other words, the ability of the company to do better in the future.



LVMH and l’Oreal – the two largest French stocks – have benefited from an extraordinary enthusiasm in this cycle. Last year we thought that this phenomenon was linked to the sanitary crisis: a quest for secure growth companies ina world in growth deficit. But in 2021 the phenomenon continues, or even accelerates !

Below we compare these two leaders with the three previous leaders: BNP, Sanofi et Total.

The table can be read as follows: each TotalEnergies employee generates 109k euros in profits, which is twice what an employee at LVMH does. However, his work is valued half by the financial markets. The work of a BNP employee is valued 7 times less than the work of a L’Oréal employee.

24 June 2021

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